Golf Club Angles

The two key angles that are used to specify a golf club are loft and lie. The loft determines how steeply the ball lifts off from the club. The lie angle determines if the club is level on when addressing the ball. There is more information about these below.

Golf Club Loft

Most golf clubs will have the loft angle written on them. If not you might like to consult this table;


Loft (degrees)


8 - 13


12 - 15


12 - 17


15 - 19


19 - 21


21 - 23


23 - 25


25 - 27


26 - 28


15 - 18


18 - 20


21 - 24


25 - 28


28 - 32


32 - 36


36 - 40


40 - 44


45 - 48

Pitching wedge

48 - 52

Gap wedge

52 - 54

Sand wedge

54 - 58

Lob wedge

58 - 62

The bigger the loft angle, the higher the ball will go, and correspondingly, the less distance the ball will travel. That is why each club in your set has a different loft. It means that whatever distance you want to hit the ball, there is a choice of club for that distance. Off the tee you will use a driver, which normally has the lowest loft, whereas if you are less than 100 yards from the green you will use some sort of wedge to land on the green. If you want to understand more about how loft interacts with distance visit this page.

Golf Club Lie Angle

Lie angle is defined as the angle between the shaft and the ground when the club is at address with the ball. The correct lie angle depends on your physique (particularly your height and the length of your arms.) Accordingly it is important to have your clubs fitted so that they have the correct lie angle. If you have already bought your clubs, it is worth asking your teaching professional check them for you. Alternatively, take your clubs inside to a room with a flat even floor, like a kitchen or bathroom. For each club, take up a normal address and look to see if the club is lying flat on the floor. If it is not flat, and the toe is off the ground, this will tend to make you hit the ball to the left of the target line. On the other hand if the heel of the club is off the floor then that will tend to make you hit the ball to the right of target line. These instructions are for right-handed golfers, so left-handers need to reverse them. If the clubs do have the wrong lie angle, speak to your teaching professional, they may be able to adjust lie angle for you.

If you are having trouble visualizing how the wrong lie angle can affect the trajectory, take a lob wedge, stand at address with the club pointing to your target. Now, leaving the club head at the same place, moving the handle down so the toe of the club is well off the ground. Now look at what will happen to a ball that hits the center of the club face, you can see that the ball will be pushed well to the left.